Comparing the 2024 Texas Republican, Democratic, and Libertarian Party Platforms

Party Platforms

Texas Legislature Political Dispositions

Currently, the Texas Legislature is under the majority control of the Republican Party and has been for over two decades. You can see a breakdown of the partisan makeup by legislative session for the last century here.

In the most recent legislative session (2023), the Texas Senate was composed of 19 Republicans and 12 Democrats, while the Texas House of Representatives consisted of 86 Republicans and 64 Democrats. The next legislative session (2025) will likely see similar partisan compositions.

As such, it is important to understand where each major party stands on key issues facing the state, according to their respective publicly available platforms.

Comparison of Key Issues

Quick-Jump


Border Security & Immigration

Republican Party

  • Advocates for stringent border security measures, including building a border wall and increasing the number of border patrol agents
  • Opposes any form of amnesty for undocumented immigrants and supports strict enforcement of immigration laws

Democratic Party

  • Supports comprehensive immigration reform, including pathways to citizenship for undocumented immigrants and protection for “Dreamers”
  • Advocates for humane treatment of asylum seekers and refugees, and opposes family separation at the border

Libertarian Party

  • Supports the freedom of individuals to live, work, study, and travel without government impediments
  • Advocates for open borders and the free movement of people and goods

Texas Elections

Republican Party

  • Emphasizes ‘Election Integrity” with stricter voter identification laws and increased security measures
  • Opposes universal mail-in voting and supports election audits

Democratic Party

  • Advocates for expanding voter access through same-day registration, extended early voting, and mail-in voting
  • Opposes restrictive voter identification laws and supports automatic voter registration

Libertarian Party

  • Supports transparent elections with verifiable ballot receipts and electronic tracking
  • Opposes mandatory party affiliation and supports nonpartisan ballots and election reforms to reduce corporate and political action committee (PAC) influence

Protecting Children

Republican Party

  • Strongly opposes the sexualization of minors in schools and media
  • Supports legislation to ban materials that propose inappropriate content for minors

Democratic Party

  • Supports comprehensive, age-appropriate sex education that includes consent and healthy relationships
  • Opposes censorship and advocates for inclusive curriculums

Libertarian Party

  • Believes in individual rights and opposes government interference in personal matters, including education content
  • Supports parental control over their children’s education

Taxpayer-Funded Lobbying

Republican Party

  • Opposes taxpayer-funded lobbying, viewing it as a misuse of taxpayer funds
  • Supports banning local governments from using taxpayer money to hire lobbyists

Democratic Party

  • Generally opposes restrictions on taxpayer-funded lobbying, arguing for the need for local government representation
  • Supports transparency and accountability in lobbying efforts

Libertarian Party

  • Opposes any form of taxpayer-funded lobbying and government intervention in private lobbying efforts
  • Advocates for minimizing government size and influence

Corporate Welfare & Business Incentives

Republican Party

  • Opposes corporate welfare and governmental bailouts, promoting a free-market approach
  • Supports reducing taxes and regulations to foster business growth

Democratic Party

  • Supports targeted business incentives to promote economic growth, especially in “underserved areas”
  • Advocates for accountability and transparency in business incentives

Libertarian Party

  • Opposes corporate welfare and any government subsidies or incentives for businesses
  • Believes in a purely free market without government intervention

Electric Grid

Republican Party

  • Emphasizes energy independence and state control over the electric grid
  • Supports a diverse energy mix, including fossil fuels and “renewables”

Democratic Party

  • Advocates for “modernizing” the electric grid to improve reliability and incorporate “renewable” energy sources
  • Supports linking Texas’s grid to national grids for backup power

Libertarian Party

  • Supports the deregulation of the electric grid and allowing market forces to dictate energy production and distribution
  • Opposes government control over energy resources

Sale of Property to Foreign Entities

Republican Party

  • Opposes the sale of Texas land and property to foreign entities, especially those from adversarial nations
  • Supports legislation to restrict such sales

Democratic Party

  • Supports regulations to ensure that property sales to foreign entities do not compromise security
  • Advocates for transparency and oversight in these transactions

Libertarian Party

  • Believes in the freedom of property owners to sell their property to anyone, including foreign entities, without government restriction

Federal Overreach

Republican Party

  • Strongly opposes federal overreach and advocates for state sovereignty
  • Supports limiting federal mandates and regulations

Democratic Party

  • Supports a balance between state and federal authority, emphasizing the federal role in ensuring civil rights
  • Advocates for minimal federal government involvement

Libertarian Party

  • Opposes federal overreach and supports state nullification of unconstitutional federal acts
  • Advocates for minimal federal government involvement

Abortion

Republican Party

  • Firmly opposes abortion, advocating for its complete abolition and defining it as homicide
  • Supports restrictive laws and defunding organizations that provide abortion services

Democratic Party

  • Strongly supports “reproductive rights”, including access to abortion
  • Advocates for protecting and expanding reproductive health services and repealing restrictive laws

Libertarian Party

  • Believes the government should stay out of the matter, leaving the decision to individuals
  • Opposes government funding for abortion services

School Choice & Parental Empowerment

Republican Party

  • Strongly supports school choice, including charter schools, homeschooling, and private school options
  • Opposes federal education standards and supporters local control

Democratic Party

  • Supports strengthening government education with increased funding and support for teachers
  • Opposes vouchers and other measures that divert funds from government schools

Libertarian Party

  • Advocates for eliminating truancy laws and other barriers to school choice
  • Supports competition in education and opposes federal involvement in local schools

Property Taxes

Republican Party

  • Advocates for reducing property taxes to alleviate the burden on homeowners
  • Supports measures to limit property tax growth and increase transparency in assessments

Democratic Party

  • Supports reforming the property tax system to ensure fairness and equity
  • Advocates for adequately funding public services while addressing property tax concerns

Libertarian Party

  • Believes all taxation is inherently oppressive and calls for an end to all taxes
  • Supports voluntary funding for government services and minimal government spending

Government Spending

Republican Party

  • Advocates for reducing government spending to lower taxes and promote fiscal responsibility
  • Opposes excessive government spending and supports a balanced budget amendment to U.S. Constitution

Democratic Party

  • Supports targeted government spending to address social inequalities and believes in a minimal government approach
  • Advocates for increased funding in areas like healthcare, education, and infrastructure

Libertarian Party

  • Strongly opposes government spending and believes in a minimal government approach
  • Advocates for drastically reducing government size and scope, eliminating unnecessary programs, and promoting private sector solutions

Conclusion

The 2024 platforms of the Republican, Democratic, and Libertarian Parties of Texas present distinct visions for the state’s future. Each party’s stance on issues, such as border security, immigration, elections, education, taxation, and government spending reflects its core principles and priorities. Understanding these differences is crucial for Texas state lawmakers as they attempt to legislate for their various constituencies.

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